Wetland resources and livestock availability in armed conflicts in Baringo County, Kenya

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
This study focused on the relationship between wetland resources, availability of livestock and the conflicts in Baringo County, Kenya. The study had four objectives and these were; to find out whether there is availability of wetland resources (water and pasture) in Lake 94, to find out whether there is armed conflict between the Pokot and the Njemps communities who live in Lake 94, to find out whether there is availability of livestock (cows, sheep and goats) in Lake 94 and lastly, to find out whether the availability of wetland resources and livestock in lake 94 is responsible for the looming armed conflict between the Pokots and Njemps These objectives were then turned into questions and used by the researcher as the research questions. The researcher covered areas that are related to this study. These areas included; conflict over water resources, cattle rustling and conflict over pasture by different communities that are of pastoral nature as the communities that the researcher is investigating. The research adopted a descriptive research design. The target population comprised of the two conflicting communities (Pokot and Njemps) and the government administrative offices. A sample size of five hundred and sixty-five was determined using Slovene’s formula. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and data was presented in tables and analyzed. The researcher concluded that the water and pasture availability in lake 94 has led to the availability of livestock and this has also led to the conflict between the Pokot and the Njemps communities and that there is a relationship between the availability of wetlands resources and conflicts in Lake 94.The researcher made several recommendations from the research carried, these were: The government administration should consider putting a police station around Lake 94 to curb the cattle rustlers from raiding and hence reduction of the conflict, the government should do more developments on the side of the Pokot community so that they do not lack water. This may include but not limited to putting in place mechanism to harvest rain water, which often flood the area, so that they can be used during the drought by both human and livestock, there is need to increase the level of education in the area, both communities depicted a low level of education. And finally, the two communities should explore other ways of living apart from pastoralism; this may include but not limited to bee keeping and crop farming on appropriate crops. Lastly the researcher suggested areas for future research and these were: The link between the illiteracy and conflict between the Pokot and Njemps communities; the role of the availability of modern weapons in the armed conflict between the Pokot and Njemps communities and the link between culture and the conflict between the Pokot and Njemps communities’
A Thesis Presented to the College of Higher Degrees and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Conflict Resolution and Peace Building
Wetland Resources, Livestock, Armed Conflicts, Baringo County, Kenya