Prevalence and risk factors of urinary tract infections among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

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Date
2014-11
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Kampala International University. School of Health Sciences Western Campus
Abstract
Background: Urinary tract infections represent the most common bacterial infection in pregnancy. Screening for and treatment of UTI in pregnancy has become a standard of obstetric care and most antenatal guidelines include routine screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence and risk factors of Urinary Tract Infections among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care at Kampala International University -Teaching Hospital. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was carried out from July to September 2014. A systematic random sampling technique was used until a sample size of 177 respondents was reached from a population of 868 mothers and a data collection checklist was used to collect data. Results: The study found out that out of the 177 mothers sampled, 25(14.1%) were diagnosed with UTI. Out of the 25 mothers diagnosed with UTI, most of the mothers were between 20-30years of age (52%), multiparous (60%), in second trimester (48%), and having hemoglobin concentration of more than 11.5g/dl (68%). There was a low prevalance of UTI among mothers whose hemoglobin concentration was below 11.5g/dl (32%). Conclusion and recommendation: There’s a high prevalence of UTI among pregnant mothers attending ANC at KIUTH. Therefore, there’s need for KIUTH to maintain regular health education to the mothers attending ANC about the prevalence and present burden of UTI and extend the education services to communities in Bushenyi district in order to help reduce cases of UTI especially during pregnancy.
Description
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree in bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery in the faculty of clinical medicine and dentistry of Kampala International University-western campus.
Keywords
Urinary Tract Infections, Pregnant mothers, Antenatal care
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