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Title: Factors associated with diarrhea among children under five years in Kalungu Sub county Kalungu District
Authors: Ronald, Kiwalabye
Keywords: Diarrhea
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Publisher: Kampala International University.College of Health Science
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: In Uganda Diarrhea contributes 14% to the Under-5 mortality. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors predisposing children below 5 years of age in Kalungu district, Kalungu Sub County. METHOD: This study was cross sectional in nature. A Simple random sampling method was used for qualitative data collection. Data was collected by conducting in-depth interview with the mothers available at the homes during the time of data collection and was. Data was presented using tables and be analyzed electronically using Statistical Product for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 17 In SPSS and excel 2010. RESULTS: Considering demographic data specifically age 20(26%) were between 2-11 months, 21(27%) were between 1-2 years 35(46%) were between 3-5 years. Considering the hygiene of children, 10(13.3%) cases were identified in children who could wash their hands after using the toilet, 36(47.3%) cases were identified in children who could not wash their hands after using the toilet. Considering ownership of the toilet facility, 31(40.7%) cases were identified in children who privately owned toilet facilities and 45(59.3%) cases were identified in children whose homes shared the toilet facility with other people Concerning the mode of water treatment, 20(26.4%) cases were identified in children whose families treated water by boiling, 4(5.2%) cases were identified in children whose families treated their water by chlorination, and 52(68.4%) cases were identified in children whose families dint treat water in anyway. CONCLUSION: Diarrhea was more in children above 3 years because they are more exposed to the environment and germs, children with, children with poor hygienic practices were found to have experienced dianhea more than those with un hygienic practices, children living in homes with shared toilet facilities because sharing toilets making them unhygienic thus. Homes that dint treat water had more risk of developing diarrhea because diarrheal germs live in un boiled water. RECOMMENDATION: Health education about the causes of diarrhea and preventive measures should be intensified by the government. More health educators should be trained to increase the man power and to cover a wider area.
Description: Research report submitted to the School of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfilment of the requirements of award of Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health of Kampala International University
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