Women empowerment in socio-economic development in Tanzania: a case of the ministry of women, gender and development

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Kampala International University. College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of this study was to assess how the various forms of women empowerment (access to education, access to health care, political participation, economic empowerment, access to information) could enhance socio-economic development in Tanzania. The study was based on three objectives, i.e., to examine the various forms of women empowerment existing in Tanzania, to establish the relationship between women's empowerment and socio-economic development and to identify the constraining factors facing women in socio-economic activities. The research design adopted in this study was a case study research design because it excelled at bringing the researcher to an understanding of complex issues or objects and extended experience or added strength to what was already known through previous research. Case studies emphasize detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships. This study took a sample of 90 respondents of which 70 were employees from the MWG&D and 20 were selected from various NGOs dealing with activities of women. According to the findings of the study, the forms of women empowerment included; education of the girl child, Women access to information, Women inclusion and participation in politics, provision of health services, access to income and participation in income generating activities. The study indicated that despite the empowerment efforts in Tanzania, the majority of the respondents indicated that women had no access to improved incomes, access to education, health and political decisions. Women also had less access to information, access to economic activities and generally, they did not have improved standard of living. Constraining factors facing women in socio-economical activities included high corruption levels, cultural rigidities, inferiority among women, inappropriate government policies, and high illiteracy rate among women. It was recommended that priority must be given to monitoring the status, conditions and rights of women. There must be a sustained campaign for women's mobilization, regular reporting of monitoring, public information and advocacy in this realm. In addition, income generating activities must be suitable and realistic. Proper targeting is essential, in order that loans are given to those capable of paying them back.
A Thesis Presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in Public Policy and Management
Women empowerment, Socio-economic development