KIU Institutional Repository

Research and publications for Kampala International University Community


Recent Submissions

A Review of Incidence and Clinical Outcomes of Neonate with False Tooth Extraction
(Journal of Scientific Research, 2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Neema Bizimana Gloria; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu; P.C. Okechukwu Ugwu
False tooth extraction is a cultural practice which have been reported in countries in Sub-Saharan as a management of fever, difficult in breastfeeding and diarrhoea in infants, and this has been thought to increase infant mortality. When false tooth is diagnosed it is advices before performing tooth extraction in neonate to wait for the commensal flora of the intestine to become established and to produce vitamin K, which is essential for the production of prothrombin in the liver. Thus, it is safer to wait until a child is 10 days old before extracting the tooth.
A review of factor associated with alcohol abuse among youths.
(2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu
Alcohol is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine and liquor. Alcohol is produced by fermentation of yeast, sugar and starches. Alcohol abuse is a maladaptive pattern of use of a psychoactive substance, indicated by continued use despite of knowledge of having persistent or recurrent social, occupational, physiological or physical problems that are caused or exacerbated by the use. The major factors that contribute to alcohol abuse among youth are environmental factors which include availability, presence of local breweries and persuasive advertisements followed by socio-economic factors like unemployment, peer pressure, social norms, stress, boredom, family neglect among others. The effects of alcohol abuse are poverty, gastric ulcers, death
An update on utilization of antenatal care among pregnant Women in Nigeria
(International Journal Of Current Research In Chemistry And Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2022) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu
Antenatal care has been defined as the attention, education, supervision and treatment given to the pregnant woman from time conception is confirmed until the beginning of labour in order to ensure safe pregnancy, labour and puerperal. This is essential in order to detect early or any deviation from normal and ensure healthy mother and baby. Antenatal care is an important determinant of high maternal mortality rate and one of the basic components of maternal care on which the lives of mothers and babies depend. Thus, Antenatal care is the care given to a pregnant woman so that she has safe pregnancy and healthy baby this review revealed that attendance and utilization of ANC by pregnant women was considered satisfactory. They should create awareness of health and related matters especially the activities of antenatal services among pregnant women using seminar/ workshop and out with radio, television and newspaper home visit and using women and church leaders..
An Update on The Role Of Cytokines In HIV Infection: Immunomodulation Pathways
(International Journal of Innovative and Applied Research, 2022) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Gina Flor Ramos; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu; Rifkatu Hassan
HIV immune activation plays an important role in the immune pathogenesis of this disease. The mechanisms that drive this immune activation are partially defined and may be the result of multiple factors. Although the introduction of concomitant antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved life expectancy in HIV-infected individuals, some sustained immune activation occurs in these patients when plasma HIV RNA levels are 'undetectable'. There is evidence that A better understanding of immune activation pathways should be of value in developing complementary therapies to restore the immune system in HIV-infected patients. This paper describes cytokine-mediated pathways of immune activation of her CD4 and CD8 T-cell pools during HIV infection.
An update on survival of people living with HIV in Nigeria.
(2022) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu
Human immunodeficiency virus is a threat to human existence, especially in developing countries, including Nigeria. Although many preventive and interventional measures have been taken to reduce the threat of HIV, HIV remains a major cause of public challenge in this part of the world. This review was conducted to update society on the survival of people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. During the course of this review, a number of references were consulted using various search engines including Pubmed Central, Google Scholar, Scopus, Sciago, Web of Science, Research gate, Academia Edu, Semantics and LiveDna. Life expectancy for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) has increased significantly since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Declining HIV/AIDS-related deaths and cohorts are increasing the proportion of people with HIV/AIDS who die from non-HIV/AIDS-related illnesses. Poor access to antiretroviral therapy, inadequate laboratory facilities, knowledge and attitudes of some patients, cultural beliefs, anti-gay laws and increasing HIV/TB co-infection continue to affect people living with HIV. It's a problem. HIV/AIDS-related deaths in Nigeria.