Sewage management practices in Nyakasanga, Kasese town council, Kasese district

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Sewage management has become a problem for many developing nations which poses a risk of spread of sanitation related diseases especially among densely populated areas. This study was done to assess the management of municipal waste water with the major objective of generating information which can be used by stakeholders to improve its management so as to safeguard the environment and promote health of Nyakasanga community and the surrounding areas. The target was to find out the sewage management systems, how effective are these systems, what challenges prevail and measures put in place. The study was cross —sectional employing both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and it was carried out in Nyakasanga kasese district, which is not connected to a central sewer system. Study units were households, 50 respondents were systematically sampled from the population of that Zone. Majority of the people in Nyakasanga do not separate their domestic waste water from the storm water. Only a small fraction of the people use septic tanks and shared pit latrines at their households, some other big number of households discharge their waste water anywhere on open ground indiscriminately. Poor drainage and bad smells were the major problems resulting from the poor management of waste water. Most people in that area had suffered from Malaria few months prior to the study a result of mosquitoes breeding in waste water that is poorly managed hence providing breeding grounds for disease vectors. Bad odors are common factors which do not impress the respondents. Management of municipal waste water in the area is ineffective because of the presence of sanitation related diseases and offensive smell. Some of the Interventions in place were the NGOs such as Uganda water and sanitation network, Water and environment that were recommended to improve on their sanitation. Kasese town council (KTC) and LCS should mobilize community to identify and destroy all breeding sites for mosquitoes in their neighborhood. Enforcement of soak away pits to handle sullage and septic tanks effluent is recommended to control bad odors.
A Dissertation Submitted To The Department Of Environmental Management In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirement For The Award Of A Bachelor Of Science Degree In Environmental Management Of Kampala International University
Sewage management practices, Nyakasanga, Kasese town council, Kasese district