Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12306/14241
Title: Police criminal investigations and rights of suspects in Kampala District, Uganda
Authors: Dude, Yusuf
Keywords: Police criminal
Human rights
Uganda
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Science
Abstract: This study sought to assess how criminal investigations by the Uganda Police affect the rights of suspects in Kampala District. This was specifically achieved by assessing the effect of police criminal investigation on the suspects’ rights to lawful arrest and detention, freedom from inhuman treatment and right to communication. The study was guided by Crime and information theory (Willmer in 1970). The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design based on a mixed methods research approach, in which a survey and key informant interviews were conducted. The sample included 136 survey respondents or criminal suspects, as well as18 key informants (police detectives and human rights defenders at various levels). Up to 145 of the study sample responded, hence a response rate of 94.2%, which was greater than the recommended minimum rate of 70%. The findings on the independent research variable indicate that police arrest of criminal suspects was good, the police criminal investigators carried out cautious interrogation, and the target police detectives fairly administered criminal detentions in many of the Police divisions of field survey in Kampala District. Generally, majority of the target police detectives conducted proper criminal investigations in such police divisions. On the dependent variable, the findings show that whereas the suspects’ right to lawful arrest and detention was largely not respected because of over detention and unfavourable bond conditions, most of the target criminal suspects enjoyed the right to freedom from inhuman treatment and the right to communication. According to the study findings, in the target police divisions, police criminal investigations negatively affected the right of suspects to lawful arrest and detention (r= .661**; p< 0.001). However their right to freedom from inhuman treatment (r= .725**; p< 0.001) and to communication (r= .504** ; p= < 0.001) were more respected. It can be concluded that whereas the police in Kampala District do not respect criminal suspects’ right to lawful arrest and detention, respects their right to freedom from inhuman treatment and communication. It is therefore recommended that stakeholders, including the police themselves should consistently sustain and/or improve on police criminal investigations, and safeguard the rights of criminal suspects, especially the right to lawful arrest and detention. The following were also recommended for improvement; fixing minimum academic qualifications for criminal investigators to a bacholors degree, provision of logistical support, constant training and awareness. The key stakeholders here include Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA), Uganda Police Force (UPF) Directorate of Criminal Investigation (CID), Police Directorate of Human Rights and Legal Services (DHRLS) as well as the Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC), among others.
Description: A dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Degree of master’s in Human Rights and Development of Kampala International University
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12306/14241
Appears in Collections:Masters of Human Rights and Development

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