Bachelor of Arts In International Relations and Diplomacy

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 26
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    Foreign aid and agricultural production in Lowershabeele- Somalia
    (Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science, 2016-10) Naima, Abdulle Hassan
    The study sought to establish the impact of foreign aid on agricultural production in lower Shabeele, Somalia. The study objectives were; to identify the various fom1s of foreign aid being implemented in Lower Shabeele, Somalia, to establish the various forms of agricultural production in Lower Shabee1e, Somalia and to examine the impact of foreign aid on agricultural production in Lower Shabeele, Somalia. This study employed the descriptive survey design. The Target population was 220 and it comprised of 40 officials from the Ministry of Agriculture, 51 Officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 69 Farmers and 60 officials from Aid Giving Organizations so the sample size was 142 Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to attain the sample of the study. The study findings revealed that the fonns of foreign aid being implemented in Somalia had an average mean of 3.25 which was equivalent to good. This implies that there is a multitude of fonns of foreign aid implemented in Somalia. It was also found out that the fonns of Agricultural production in Somalia had an average mean of 3 .06 equivalent to good on the Likert Scale. The Pearson Correlation of 0.681 which signifies a strong and positive significant relationship between foreign aid and agricultural production in Lower Shabeele, Somalia and significance of 0.000 which rejects hypothesis and thus indicating a significant relationship between foreign aid and agricultural production. The study concludes that investments in land, in particular agriculture, establish labour that in tum spawns to balance of payments and political progress. The link between physical Capital and economic growth is financial aid, financial aid functions in good policy Governments. The study recommends that there is need to carry out research on improved yields or breeds/ seeds. It also further recommends that agricultural research is widely believed to lead to enonnous gains outside of Somalia. It is also recommended that there is need for rural Extension services or agricultural extension services in order improve on the agricultural Production
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    Parliament and human rights in Uganda, (1986-2017)
    (College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2018-10) Yiga, Fredrick
    The research was conducted at the Parliament of Uganda. The parliament is situated in Central Division Kampala District. Much of the field work was carried out at the parliament premises, though other tours were made at the head offices of Uganda Human Rights Commission (Ntinda Nakawa Division). The researcher carried out the research on the Topic “Parliament and Human Rights in Uganda, 1986 — 2017”. The research methodology used was interview. Members of Parliament on Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights were interviewed, staff of parliament working in Library, staff of Uganda Human Rights Commission in order to achieve the research objectives. The first research objective was to identify the parliament’s intervention in promoting Human Rights in Uganda. The study found out that parliament through the committee on Human Rights Directed all security agencies in Uganda including Police, Army, and Prison to stop detaining suspects beyond 24 hours since it’s a violation of the 1995 constitution. The second objective was to evaluate the parliament’s role of monitoring government agencies mandated to defend and promote Human Rights. The research study found out that the parliament in the financial year 20 15/16 increased the Budget of Uganda Human Rights Commission from 32billion to 40 billion annually. The third objective was to make policy recommendations that will contribute to effective protection of Human Rights by parliament of Uganda. The study recommended to the Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights that instead of sitting in parliament and receive complaints, they must also reach out to ordinary Ugandans deep in the remote villages and listen to their abuse concerns, by doing so they will be protecting human fights. The survey population composed of sixty (60) people. And these respondents were from parliament and Uganda Human Rights Commission. The researcher also interviewed many people including members of parliament with the intention of gathering sufficient information. Basic research was equally applied with the intent to find out the parliament’s role in promoting, defending and protection of Human Rights. The researcher forwards the following recommendations. Firstly, increase the Budget of Uganda Human Rights Commission to at least 50 billion to enable more staffing, and to open up more branches around the country. Secondly, Government of Uganda to start funding private organizations working for the promotions working and defending of Human Rights in Uganda. Lastly, security personnel working with security agencies should be taught at least basic knowledge about Human Rights so that they can stop brutal arrest of suspects.
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    School factors influencing refugee children access to primary education in Kasarani district Nairobi, Kenya.
    (Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-05) Massawe, Felix F.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the school factors influencing refugee children access to primary education within Kasarani district, Nairobi, Kenya. Kasarani district has a large number of refugees children but all do not access education despite the fact that basic education should be free at elementary levels. Four research objectives were designed to guide the study; to establish how the language of instruction influence the access to primary education for refugee pupils, to examine the relevance of curriculum, to establish the influence of protective environment of school, to establish effects of certification on refugee education and academic certificates awarded to refugees children .The study employed a descriptive survey research design. The target population for this study comprised of 21 head teachers from public primary schools with refugee children, 420 teachers from the schools and2, 500 refugee pupils from public primary schools in Kasarani district, Kenya. 7 schools in Kasarani District were randomly sampled for the study. The study utilized questionnaires for teachers, head teachers and pupils. A test-retest technique or co-efficient stability method was used to estimate the degree to which the same results could be obtained with a repeated measure of accuracy. A correlation coefficient of about 0.74 was obtained for the teacher’s questionnaires and 0.72 for head teachers questionnaires. Data from the field was collected, cleaned, coded and recorded. Data collected by use of the questionnaire, was coded, and analyzed. Data was presented using tables and graphs. The study established that; The education policies on language of communication did not adequately cover the refugees children, Most of the refugees, in Kasarani are in Kenya illegally, so they fear taking children to schools, the refugee’s children have equal learning opportunities with the Kenyan children, the government takes the records of the refugee children in schools, the refugees children have undergone a different education system than the Kenyan education system and therefore, the certification system of the country of origin is totally different. It was found to be difficult to establish exactly the level a child was, before he /she left school and that Language barriers hinders education and learning opportunities to the refugees. The study recommends that; The government should offer protection to the refugee children and families, and shield them from the regular harassment by the police, the government or UNHCR should ensure appropriate registration of the refugees and issuing of the appropriate documents for recognition ,the government should deploy more teachers to cater for the large number of pupils and probably those who understand the languages of refugee origin, to the schools in areas with many refugees, so as to enhance learning and understanding of the refugee children and that the government through MOE and the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development should develop a curriculum for refugee children
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    Challenges of Regional Integration in Africa: The case study of the New East African Community.
    (Kampala International University, School of law., 2019-05) Epulu, Moses
    This research study aimed at the assessment of the challenges of regional integration in Africa focusing on the New East African Community. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the political Factors Promoting EAC Growth and Development, to examine the extent to which the East African countries are prepared to achieve full integration and to identify the possible solutions to the various constraints. The research adopted the transformative mixed approach. This provided for a framework for topics of interest, methods for data collection and outcomes or changes anticipated by the study and involved sequential or a concurrent approach. The targeting population of the study was selected randomly and included 150 individuals. Sample sizes of 109 respondents were selected. The study used both primary and secondary data collection methods including document review and interviews. Data were collected using questionnaire surveys and employed a face to face interview methods as well as documentary review. The researcher used face-to- face interview with the employee from Uganda Ministry of East Africa Affairs, Commerce and Tourism, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, embassies of Tanzania, Kenya, South Sudan, Rwanda and Burundi in Uganda. The study found out respondents’ biographic data based on their sex, age, education level, marital status and time spent in the community and experience. Findings in this study showed that that overall mean rating for political factors influencing development in the EAC region was computed at 73.6%, which is relatively modest. The analysis has indicated, however, that the following factors are showing a positive path to progress in political integration. These factors received a rating of 75% and above. One of these is the fact that there is an enhanced sense of East African identity, developing from modern communications. The study identified that there is no single approach that can wholly describe and prescribe the progress of the EAC integration process. It finds, rather, that a mixed theory approach is more effective, where various theories describe and prescribe the EAC integration at various stages of the process, Despite this finding the study concludes that the political will might be high at the highest level but the rest of the levels do not fare as well. To accelerate the process of integration, investments on basic infrastructure such as railways, roads, electricity and access to water need to be prioritized in order to connect the region as well as providing favorable conditions for commerce to thrive. Difficulty in the movement of people, goods and services create a hindrance to the process of integration. Nontariff barriers create such a hindrance and hence the EAC should strive to completely eliminate them. The study recommends the development of a legislative fi’amework (laws, policies and guide lines) for Community Development within partner states. Harmonization of democratization policies, processes and practices. In doing so, the EAC should embrace policies on human development, social benefit, and protection, across the region. This would enable EAC member states realize a common identity, a feature that is prerequisite for integration in the region. The East Africa citizenry needs to be informed and educated more about the integration process. The EAC secretariat ought to conduct massive civic education programmes around East Africa for the public to know how they can get involved in the process. It will as well inform them of the benefits to them and the huge opportunities that lie in an integrated East Africa.
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    Foreign aid intervention and economic development in Uganda: a qualitative study of Kampala City Council Authority
    (Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-03) Wanjiku, Joy
    Development is a theme that encapsulates the totality of the outlook of every country in the world. Global concerns to eradicate poverty and many other indicators of the downside of development have been described as the basic need for foreign aid intervention. This study essentially seeks to understand the role foreign aid intervention has played in development, challenges confronting the success of foreign aid intervention and more effective approaches that can make foreign aid intervention a success. The study engaged both modernization and dependency theories in advancing understanding on the subject matter. The study, which was conducted in Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) employed qualitative method of data collection using key informant interview and in-depth interview as instruments. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Findings from this study revealed that foreign aid has contributed to the development of the communities studied and among other recommendations, strongly recommended that foreign aid intervention should be carried out more in rural communities especially in the area of critical infrastructure.