Knowledge of mothers on oral rehydration salt therapy (USE) in children under five years with diarrhea in Mulago hospital 1 st – 10th november 2014

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Kampala International University. School of Health Sciences Western Campus
Globally, diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of worldwide childhood morbidity and mortality resulting into 1.4 to 2.5 million deaths annually. Loss of intestinal fluid caused by gastroenteritis may lead to severe hypovolemia, shock and death particularly in children younger than five years of age (WHO, September 2012). A descriptive and cross-sectional study was done and it employed both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection among caretakers of children below 5 years. A total of 168 respondents was selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 18 and data was presented in frequency tables, graphs and pie charts. In this study, 80(48%) respondents said a child with diarrhea got loose stools more than 3 times in 24 hours ,129 (77%) reported that the type of diarrhea passed by their children was watery ,69 (41%) said that when a child gets diarrhea it is taken to the health facility 97 (58%) agreed that they knew the danger signs related to diarrhea in a child ,114 (68%) had ever failed to get ORS, 75 (45%) were taught by health providers how to mix ORS ,158 (94%) had ever bought ORS, 81 (48%) used any available water to mix ORS ,74 (44%) said ORS is used to replace fluid lost during diarrhea, 49 (29%) knew the current treatment for diarrhoea,76 (45%) said that ORS can be given as much as the child could take,77 (46%) said that preparation of ORS should last within 24 hours. In conclusion, the majority of respondents had ever heard of oral rehydration solutions and was aware of the importance of oral rehydration solutions. Most mothers had negative attitudes and perceptions towards the preparation and use of ORS for the treatment of diarrhea and the majority of respondents believed that it was not essential to continue giving liquids to children under 5 years suffering from diarrhea because they were already receiving ORS solutions while most mothers had average practices in the preparation and use of ORS for the treatment of diarrhea as the majority did not ensure adequate hygiene during ORS Solution preparation.
A research report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree in bachelors of medicine and surgery (MBChB).
Children, Oral rehydration salt, Diarrhea, Mothers, Mulago hospital