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Title: Prevalence and risk factors associated with diarrhoeal disease in peadiatric patients at Masindi hospital
Authors: Kadiima, Leonard
Keywords: Peadiatric patients
Diarrhoeal disease
Risk factors
Masindi hospital
Issue Date: Oct-2014
Abstract: Diarrhea is the most important public health problem connected to water and sanitation and can be both “waterborne” and “water-washed”. In recent decades, a consensus developed that the key factors for the prevention of diarrhea are sanitation, personal hygiene, availability of water and good quality drinking water; and that the quantity of water that people have available for hygiene is of equal or greater importance for the prevention of diarrhea as the bacteriological water quality(Jensen PK, 2004).A cross sectional was conducted among mothers attending the OPD services at Masindi general hospital to determine the prevalence of diarrhoea within the last two weeks among mothers with children under five. The study used self-administered questionnaires and the response rate of 97.4 %( 74) and default of 2(2.6 %%) was recorded as the mothers did not return the completed questionnaires.The results from this study showed that the prevalence of diarrhoea was 22.37%; the mothers whose children had diarrhoea were mostly between the age groups of 37 and above, unemployed married or staying together and those who stopped at primary levels of education. Most of the children who had brothers or sisters at home developed the diarrhoea 17(out of 29) and most of them had no latrine at home, the most common treatment options for children were deworming 10(33.33%), and ORS 9(30.00%). The study concluded that diarrhoea prevalence was high among the children under five within Masindi district. With most of the risk factors being low level of maternal education, married and high numbers of children the absence of a pit latrine at home.
Description: A research report submitted to the faculty of clinical medicine and dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirement of award of bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery of Kampala International University
Appears in Collections:Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery(MBchB)

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