Civil society in conflict resolution in Garbaharrey and Belet-Hawa Towns Gedo Region Somalia

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Date
2010-10
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Publisher
Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to establish the role of the civil society in conflict resolution at grass root levels in Garbaharrey and Belet-hawa towns of Gedo region, Somalia. The specific objectives of the study were to identify magnitude of the conflict; establish contributions of civil society and to find out challenges faced by the civil society groups in Gedo region, Somalia. Questionnaires and focus group discussion were applied to collect data from the 100 respondents selected purposively from 2000 members of the civil society groups namely women, youth, traditional elders, media, professional associations, business community and private sector and Local NGOs in Garbaharrey and Belet-Hawa towns of Gedo region, Somalia. The findings of the study indicated that repeated violations of human rights and impunity, high rate of destitution; lack of basic services and economic opportunities contributed the escalation of armed violence in Gedo region, Somalia. The findings of the study indicated that civil society actors in Gedo region have contributed a peaceful resolution of the conflicts in the region through public awareness, advocacy against violence, mediation and reconciliation at localized level. The study revealed that civil society faces many challenges including insecurity, threats and suppression from different conflictants. The study recommended the civil society to provide humanitarian assistance, promote coordination and networking among them and bottom up approach for conflict resolution where civil society actors are at the centre of the reconciliation and state building process for Somalia.
Description
A Thesis Presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Conflict Resolution
Keywords
Civil society, Conflict resolution
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