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Title: Efficiency of municipal solid waste management: the case study of Bor town Area, South Sudan
Authors: Akuei, John Kur
Keywords: Efficiency
Solid Waste Management
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Abstract: The study sought to identify the existing methods of solid waste management and ascertain the effect of social and economic factors on efficiency of solid waste management. The study was carried out primarily through survey method and interview of Bor municipal council (BMC) and households in Bor Town. Inadequate dustbins supply was a major factor affecting waste disposal in Bor Town especially among the low class residential areas. The survey established that about 86.82 per cent of respondents have no access to dustbins for disposing their waste particularly those living in the low class residential area. This implies that respondents resorted to dumping waste in nearby drainage channels, by roadside, opened spaces and other unapproved ways of managing their domestic waste. Additionally, the dustbins ratio to population was very high (1: 276) compared to the maximum number of fifteen people to a dustbin (1:15). These include high populated areas lilce Arek, Achiengdier and Langbar. This goes to reaffirm the inadequacy of dustbins supply in the Bor vicinity. Indeed there was irregular or lack of routine collection of waste by Bor municipal council, especially in the low class residential areas in the Town. Waste collection was mostly carried out twice a week and in some areas like low class residential areas no collection took place. This resulted in people dumping their waste in opened spaces and in most cases burning was the alternative to final disposal at the landfill. Unlike the door-to-door collection which attracted a monthly charge of SSP 50 in the high class residential areas, the communal collection was carried out at no cost to the residents in all the low class residential areas. This is because respondents in these areas were not xvi requested to pay for waste collection though their monthly average monthly income (SSP 270) earned could support the payment. The landfill did not meet the requirement of a sanitary landfill and could therefore be correctly described as an open dump. The landfill had no gas recovery system and leachates collection system. The landfill too was sited near a settlement. Additionally, waste was not usually separated into their various components before final disposal. This led to burying of some valuable resources in the landfill which could have been otherwise re-used. More so, burning of waste occurred in the landfill. The waste management institution was unable to deliver efficient services as it was under resourced. Skips and dustbins for storing waste generated were woefully inadequate. In the whole of Bor Town there was no single skip that was supplied to the residents. However, about 450 skips were required by the municipality to be supplied to the low class residential areas. Also, about nine hundred and twenty six (926) dustbins extra were required to be supplied in the middle and high class residential areas in the Bor Town as against about one hundred and forty one (141) dustbins distributed. Equipment for waste transportation was also inadequate as there was only one truck but four (4) were required to ensure regular collection. Key words: Efficiency, Solid Waste Management, indicators, performance
Description: A thesis presented to the school of engineering and applied sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master of Science in environmental management of Kampala International University
Appears in Collections:Master of Science in Environmental Management

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