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Title: An Assessment of the Use of Indigenous Knowledge in Soil Management: A Case Study of Musoma Province in Mara Region Tanzania
Authors: Neema, Mwakisambwe
Keywords: Indigenous Knowledge in Soil Management
Mara Region Tanzania
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Kampala International University, bachelors degree of science in environmental management
Abstract: Soil faces many threats throughout the world, deforestation for charcoal burning and brick making, overgrazing by livestock, and agricultural practices that fail to conserve soil are three main causes of accelerated soil loss. There has been a general trend of soil productivity decline on crop land in Musoma province. Soil degradation is one of major threats to agricultural development in the province and it has become the prob !em in many parts of the province. As the scenario leads to decline in plant availability soil moisture, reduce soil fertility, soil compaction and erosion, has been identified as the major factor behind this gradual decline in agricultural productivity. Soil degradation is seriously threatening the sustainability of agricultural productivity and weakening the ability to meet the subsistence food requirements of its rapidly increasing population. These problems have raised the need for assessment of the use of indigenous knowledge in soil management in the province. Indigenous Africa farming systems contain a wealth of environmental knowledge on conservation practices and flexibility which have not been fully recognized. Many indigenous conservation farming practices now need adaptation in order to remain effective in a rapidly changing environment. Environmental and economic knowledge and perceptions of local farmers are the best foundation on which to base assistance to integrate resource management initiatives. Therefore this study helps as decision aid for soil management measures and sustainable utilization of the soil resource through the use of indigenous knowledge. A study on assessment of the use of indigenous knowledge in soil management carried out in Musoma province, Mara region in Tanzania intended to study and identify how indigenous knowledge used in soil management. It was identified most of the community members who base and use soil in their activities, are well applying indigenous measures to manage soils. The study conducted to identify the way local communities apply their knowledge to manage soils from arresting degradation through traditional farming practices. This research sought to answer questions on soil degradation generated by human activities carried out within the area, efforts of local residents in conserving soils and the greater role played by indigenous knowledge to improve soils. This review book gives a critical analysis of the efforts done by farmers on soil conservation measures. To achieve this, study relied on primary as well as secondary data collection. Primary data collected by questionnaires and interviews, while secondary data collected from relevant books as literature review. Research design included sample of population size, framework and technique, and data analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. This research reveals crop cultivation, livestock keeping, brick making and charcoal burning as activities carried out and mostly causes of soil degradation. From which use of compost mounds, valley bottom cultivation, plant residues and animal manure are used as indigenous measures to manage soils. The used indigenous practices had played a great role in the improvement of soil productivity. However some of challenges like illiterate, acceptability, validity, material required and land fragmentation still facing the province. The study came up with recommendations that must be put in place in order to manage soils. They included need for improve techniques of operation, education and raising awareness of the importance of soil management and projects which include community participation within the area.
Description: A Dissertation Submitted In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Bachelor of Degree of Science in Environmental Managements Kampala International University
Appears in Collections:Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management

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