Examining environmental impact assessment as a mode of implementing the precautionary principle in Uganda

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Kampala International University,School of Law
Recognizing the need for environmental protection, environmental management and control mechanisms have been evolving over time in various countries. Among which are the Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and precautionary principle that also incorporate the social and cultural aspect. Uganda is faced with the dilemma of developing the resource whilst protecting the environment due to various mineral discoveries and the many economic activities; more so those related to agriculture, development and industrialization. This paper therefore examines the Environmental Impact Assessment as a mode of implementing the Precautionary Principle in Uganda basing on the legal and institutional framework, public participation and quality of the EIAs and implementation. It concludes that Uganda has not fully practicing the EIAs and this has created room for various individuals to exploit the loopholes identified to their advantage. Nonetheless it is possible to improve on the EIA system if National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) realizes the power it has through its legal mandate and also continues engagement of the public
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the a ward of a Bachelor of Laws of Kampala International University
environmental impact, precautionary principle, assessment, Uganda