Evaluation of infection control practices at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Surgical Department

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Certain elements are necessary to attain the infection control goals of personnel health service: coordination with other departments, medical evaluations, health and safety education, immunization programs, management of job-related illnesses and exposures to infectious diseases, through policies according to the CDC. In light of the above, study was designed to evaluate the infection control practices at KIUTH using the surgical department as a model. The study aimed at determining the staff protection practices, surgical site infection procedures and practices and the availability and usability of infection control policies and the way it’s implementation arrangements . The study design was descriptive with mixed method of data collections including interview with key staff (2 staff were interviewed) using a non-structured interview guide; observation was done by the researcher to supplement her findings and use of self-administered questionnaire for staff that generated quantitative and qualitative data. The study found out that there was little information among related to the availability of infections control policy and the arrangements for its implementations, only 11 staff from the surgical ward reported the availability of IC policy in their departments, and that only, 12(23.08%) of the staff were trained, and 24(42.86%) reported administration of glucose a surgical infection control technique, 16(28.57%) reported administration of Oxygen and 12(21.43%) reported hand washing using 4% chlorexidine and shaving hair 4(7.14%) In the view of the above findings, this study concluded that infection control is not given the attention it deserves at surgical department of KIUTH. The infection control committee which manages the infection control activities seemed to be malfunctions, rendering the whole process ineffective. The staff protection mechanisms are inadequate and non-routine. Institute infection control committees in all the departments and units, and appoint an infection control manager, the staff should be trained in the basic principles of infection control and how to avoid staff patient’s infection transfers, staff should be vaccinated against the most infectious organisms routinely like Hepatitis and Yellow fever and that the hospital should design ward specific infection control techniques with the help of senior staff in order to avoid infections among patients
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry of in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery of Kampala International University
Infection control practices, Surgical Department, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital (KIUTH)