Tourism activities and destinations' development (a case study of Ngorongoro conservation area-northern Tanzania)

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Kampala international international: College of Economics and Management
The study on Tourism Activities and Destination Development was carried out in Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania with specific _aims of finding out tourist activities carried out as well as their effects and challenges on the local community. To comprehend this problem the study reviewed literature on the main variables through use of an exploration research design which observed both qualitatively and quantitative approaches administered on a sample of 60 who included the community leaders and employees from tour companies as respondents by help of questionnaires, interview guide and observation method. The study established that there were two types of tourism activities which included both man made and natural tourism activities. These activities were noted to generate employment opportunities for the communities’ members as well as generating incomes, improvement of infrastructure and upraising of sustainable practices. The study established the challenges experienced in the industry to be environmental degeneration, global warming and poor infrastructure. The study concluded that tourism activities are of vital economic importance to the communities because they generate incomes and build skills and natural talents and that it not necessary mean being educated to have art skills to work under the tourism activities. But on the negative the youths were becoming morally degenerated which calls for immediate concern. The study concluded that poor practices carried out on the land with an intention of gaining without conserving the land degenerate it and deter others tourists from coming in this calls for control of the local community especially in case where some of them lack indigenous knowledge to conserve the natural vegetation. This particularly because when trees and felled they need to be replanted in order to trap the excessive carbon dioxide from the atmosphere the study recommended the need to build policy support, building institutional collaboration. Provision of approach, tools, and marketing material, empowerment, networking and dissemination and stricter laws.
A research report submitted to the school of business and management in partial fulfillment of the award of the bachelor degree of tourism and hotel management in Kampala international University
Tourism and Hotel Management, Tourism activities, Destinations' development, Ngorongoro conservation area-northern Tanzania