The contribution of crop farming on economic welfare in Wanale sub region Mable district Uganda:

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management.
Empirical studies across many developing countries document that improving crop farming is the main pathway out of poverty .It’s for this reason that the main Objectives of the study was to find out the contribution of crop farming on economic welfare and other objectives were to identify major factors that affect crop farming and to establish the relationship between crop farming and economic welfare. This study considered crop farming as the independent variable and economic welfare as the dependent variable. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from a sample of 100 respondents Documentary review was used to collect secondary data. Data analysis was based on descriptive research design and regression methods. Data was analyzed using SPSS (Version 15.0). Findings from this study revealed that low crop farming Productivity has been the biggest challenge to agricultural crop farming in Wanale sub region. Crop farming was found to be constrained by lack of capital, pests and diseases, and limited farming skills. Land shortage, bad climate and weather, and limited use of productivity enhancing inputs also limited crop farming; other constraints include poor rural infrastructure, price fluctuation, landslides and post-harvest losses. This study also established that the Wanale sub region economic welfare has not been inclusive; the factors that constrained achievement of economic welfare include: corruption; lack of investment and devastation of infrastructure; low access to assets and entrepreneurship; poverty and low financial inter mediation; underemployment and low salaries; and inefficient fiscal transfers. This study concluded that in order for Wanale sub region to achieve economic welfare, enhancing crop farming of the smallholder farmers should be mainstreamed into the national development policies. In order to raise agricultural crop farming productivity, the study recommended resource support for farmers, promotion of access to assets by the farmers, more investment in research, development and extension, rigorous use productivity enhancing inputs and rural infrastructural investment. To enable achievement of economic welfare in Wanale sub region, this study recommended that government should reduce income gap between urban and rural residents, improve health status of populace, promote more inclusive labor markets and improve indicators of economic development.
a research report submitted to the college of economics and management in the department of economics and applied statistics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of bachelors of arts in economics degree of Kampala international university.
crop farming, economic welfare, Mable district,Uganda