Influence of guidance and counseling on academic performance of visually impaired children in Rugaeama sub county Ntungamo district~ Uganda

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Kampala international University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of the study was to investigate the Influence of Guidance and Counseling on Academic Performance of Visually impaired Children in Rugarama Sub county Ntungamo District Uganda . The specific objectives of the study were to; identify the causes of visual impairment Children in Rugarama Sub County, Ntungamo District Western Uganda, Identify the methods of counseling that are effective on visually impaired Children and investigate the impact of guidance and counseling on academic performance of learners with visual impairment Children. The methods used for data collection were questionnaires to the teachers, interviews with the parents and focus group discussions with the pupils. The study revealed by 60% that learners with visual impairment sought guidance and counseling services. However the respondents complained that most schools do not have qualified counselors to handle visually impaired learners. The most common mentioned cause of visual impairment was hereditary reasons which were mentioned by 90% of the respondents. Group counseling was mentioned by 84%, 76% mentioned individual counseling, 72% mentioned motivation, 64% mentioned parent and child counseling and 56% mentioned behavior counseling. The study also revealed by 52% of the respondents that guidance and counseling has improved the academic performance of visually impaired. The study recommended that; Counselors who specifically look at cases of visually impaired learners should be trained and made available in schools to help visually impaired children. The Ministry of Education to beef up more aggressive awareness campaigns among various stakeholders concerning the negative attitudes towards the visually impaired. The Ministry to empower all the teachers in the country with appropriate professional skills on how to cater for the visually impaired learner’s education. This is the acknowledgment of the need to improve the well-being of all segments of population among other recommendations.
A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty of Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of a Bachelors Degree in Guidance and Counseling of Kampala International University
Guidance and counseling, Academic performance, Visually impaired children, Rugaeama sub county Ntungamo district, Uganda