Social Economic Status and Early Pregnancy in Primary School Children in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Zombo District.

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Kampala International University, Colleges of Humanities and Social sciences
The study was Social economic status and early pregnancy in primary school children in northern Uganda called out in Zombo district. The purpose of the study was to see how low socio economic status of a family leads to early pregnancies in primary children in northern Uganda. The study was governed by general, specific objectives and well-structured questionnaire and the general objective was to establish the factors of the socio economic status that lead to early pregnancies in primary school children and some of the specific objective included to find out how the impact of high numbers of children in the family has led to early pregnancies, to find how the impact of low financial income has led to early pregnancies in primary school children and to find out how parents’ attitude towards girl child education has led to early pregnancies in primary school children. The study population was constituted of those who were mainly the victims of early pregnancy when in primary school and key stake holders like the community leaders (religious leaders, community workers) and the school administrators The study was carried had 25 participants, some of whom were the girls who were victims of early pregnancy and all had different reasons to give for this predicament and eventually dropping out of school. But above all, most of them became victims because of the poor financial income of their parents, who could not meet all their needs. In the findings the study shown that the girls who were victims of early pregnancy were mostly as a result of broken homes whereby they had to live with their fathers’ wives, the age distribution showed that more respondents were of 16-17 years. Inquiry into the area of residence showed that the majority of respondents came from urban communities. The researcher recommends that there should be community integration and social control of early pregnancy. Everyone should feel responsible for guiding children into the path of good behavior. This requires massive campaigns, sensitizations. Parents should be taught how to maintain a harmonious atmosphere in the family. Among the recommendations cited by the respondents are; reconciliation and forgiveness on the part of the parents, avoid harsh punishments all of which promote harmonious relationships in the family.
Research Report Submitted to The College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of The Requirement for The Award of Bachelor’s Degree in Guidance and Counseling of Kampala International University
Early Pregnancy, Primary School Children