Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome among nulliparous female medical students in Kampala International University-western campus.

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Kampala International University. School of Health Sciences Western Campus
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder of young and middle-aged women characterized by cyclic occurrence in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. It is a combination of distressing physical, psychological and behavioral changes of sufficient severity to result in deterioration of inter- personal relationships and (or) interference with normal activities; which remit upon onset or immediately after menstruation. Most women have symptoms that are fairly mild and do not need treatment. However, the larger population of females does not understand their bodies and are afraid or embarrassed by such discussions involving their female physiology. The aim of the study was to find the prevalence of PMS amongst the female population in KIU-WC. A descriptive cross sectional study to examine the prevalence of PMS among adult female in the age bracket of 18-35years in KIU-WC was carried out between May 2013 and July 2013 using a structured questionnaire designed by the researchers. A random sample selection method was used for sample selection of the participants. The finding we got was that Most of the female had mild symptoms. The most prevalent symptom among the mild presentations was: interpersonal conflicts and concentration problems, irritability and mood changes and the most prevalent moderate symptom was fatigue, followed by anxiety. The most prevalent severe symptom was menstrual cramps. It was also found that (PMS) affected the activities of daily life of about (54.7%), while few 45.3% had normal activities of daily life. Majority of the female students (71.15%) reported that Premenstrual syndrome is a normal experience while few (28.85%), reported it a bad experience. It was concluded that despite there being a high prevalence of premenstrual syndrome among female medical students of KIU-WC., they did not have adequate knowledge about PMS as a syndrome entity and Majority of the female students have poor health seeking behavior. The findings thus imply the need for educating the female students on the existence of PMS, different modes of treatment depending on the severity of symptoms so as to help them manage menstrual symptoms and increase awareness of the benefit of treating them.
A research dissertation submitted to the faculty of Clinical medicine and dentistry in partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery in Kampala international university
Premenstrual syndrome, Nulliparous, Kamapala International University Western Campus