Factors contributing to the prevalence of unplanned pregnancies among female university students at Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka Bushenyi

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Date
2017-08
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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Abstract
Unplanned pregnancies among university students is an important public health issue in both developed and developing countries because of its negative association with social, psychological and health outcomes for both mothers and the children. The rate of unplanned pregnancies among university female students is high. Unplanned pregnancies can be prevented by effective use of contraceptives. The aim of the study was to determine the factors contributing to the prevalence of unplanned pregnancies among female university students at Kampala International University- Western Campus. A quantitative descriptive survey was conducted among 96 female university students at KIU-WC. A hand delivered self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data by the researcher. The results indicated that the level of unplanned pregnancies is high among participants (85.2%) who carried pregnancy while at the university. Low socio-economic factors (47.3%) contribute to the prevalence of unplanned pregnancies. Participants always accessed contraceptives (83.3%) from pharmacies/drug shops (54.4%) and private clinics (38.9%) expensively. Effective use of contraceptives protected majority of the sexually active participants (67.7%). It was concluded that most pregnancies among female students at KIU-WC are unplanned and these unintended pregnancies are due to low socio-economic factors. This problem can be reversed by the free access and effective use of contraceptive methods by students
Description
A research report submitted to Kampala International University School of Nursing and Midwifery in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the award of a Diploma in Nursing of Kampala International University
Keywords
Unplanned pregnancies, Female university students, Kampala International University-Western Campus
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