Implications of water scarcity on the environment: a case study of Kisarawe Village, Kisarawe District

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Kampala International University, School of engineering and applied science
Water is a basic natural resource that sustains life and economic development. It is the next resource to air. Water can exist in various forms that is gaseous, solid and liquid. A study on the implication of water scarcity on the environment was conducted in Kisarawe village, Kisarawe District. In order to investigate the above, the following variables were measured; water sources, distribution systems, associated problems and measures being used to minimize the problem. A general survey research design was followed, and the methods of data collection used include; interview~ observation, documentation, questionnaires, and photography. Results indicate that various water sources in Kisarawe village include, dams, wells, boreholes, rivers, rainwater and channels. Results further indicate that decreased standard of education, soil erosion, child Labour, conflicts and inability of soil to support plants have been major problems associated with water scarcity. It was also found that, rainwater harvesting, hand dug wells, rehabilitation of some water sources and rational distribution systems were measures used to minimize water problem. Recommendations include public participation in decision making, increasing water points, education and training of local people, replacing and maintenance of old pipes and tanks, determining water quality for human consumption, banning of activities that pollute water sources, aforestation and re-aforestation, gender equality and population projection on water demand.
A dissertation submitted to the department of environment in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the award of a Bachelor of Science in Environment Management of Kampala International University
Water scarcity, Environment, Kisarawe Village, Kisarawe District