Boko Haram Insurgency and Western Education in Yobe State, North Eastern-Nigeria

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Kampala International University, Colleges of humanities and social sciences
The study is aimed at assessing the effects of Boko Haram Insurgency on Western education in Yobe State, North-Eastern Nigeria. Three objectives were formulated as study guide that included; to examine the causes of Boko Hararn insurgency, to establish how Boko Haram violence has affected western schools, and finally to examine the effects of Boko Haram violence on standards of western education in Yobe State, North Eastern-Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey design with both quantitative and qualitative approach. The population of the study was 1,339 comprises staff of YOSUBEB, teachers, head of teachers and PTA/Community members making the specific target population. Krajcie and Morgan table for determining sample size was also adopted to drawn 299 as minimum respondents. While purposive and simple random sampling techniques were employed to select the respondents. Data was collected through questionnaires containing (20) items based on 4-point Likert scales and interviews. This was validated by experts and tested for reliability using the test-re-test methods were conducted as a means of generating primary data. The data collected was also analyzed in SPSS 16.0 Version using frequency tables and percentage to analyse the profile of the respondents while mean and standard deviations was used to analyses the data collected from the field according to the study objectives. The findings of the study revealed that poverty, unemployment, Almaj iris factor and misconception of religion were the major factors that led to the development of Boko Haram to its full insurgents organization. The study further established that Boko Hararn has attacked schools resulting in the indiscriminate destruction of schools infrastructure and the teaching and learning materials, loss of teachers, killing and kidnapping of school children as well as recruiting children of school going age as suicide bombers and spies. The study finally disclosed that there is a general decline in the schools attendance/enrollments, poor students performance and the loss of trained teachers. The study also revealed how destroyed school infrastructure and instructional materials influenced the inadequate schools management as well as the poor funding. These therefore, has affected the quality and standards of western education in Yobe State. The study recommended that the federal government, amnesty committees, and counter insurgency efforts of all security outfits investigate the root causes and dynamics of Boko Haram including the kind of ideology vis-à-vis the objectives of their activities. A permanently wellstructured poverty alleviation program devoid of political patronage is urgently required in Yobe State of Nigeria’s north east. This requires intensification of efforts to integrate the Almajiri Qur’anic schools into the Universal Basic education (UBE) programs with well-furnished classrooms, qualified teachers, purchase of uniforms and mid-day meal for the students in northern Nigeria. Equally, the existing half-baked, non-professional Almajiri Mallams (clerics, sheiks, and teachers) must be trained professionally and absorbed into the UBE programs. The study further suggested that daily school attendance record books should be adopted by the all schools in Yobe State. This will make the school authorities to understand and have controls of the school internal security system during the school hours. Parents and religious leaders should play active role in encouraging all children in the State to embrace basic education for the development of the individual and society at large.
A Dissertation Submitted to The College of humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Master’s Degree in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building of Kampala International University.
Boko Haram, Western Education, Insurgency, North Eastern-Nigeria