Social and educational challenges faced by learners who are intellectually challenged in primary schools in Muruka Zone Maragwa District Kenya.

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Kampala International University.College of Education
A study on social and educational challenges faced by mentally handicapped was carried out in Muruka Zone with the purpose of investigating and establishing the problems faced by mentally challenged in social and education aspects in their learning in Muruka zone. The specific objectives of the study were; to find out the education provided to learners who are mentally handicapped. To fmd out the teachers attitude towards learners with mental retardation. To investigate whether there is trained personnel to handle learners with mental retardation in education programs. The method used in the investigation was quantative given the nature of the research problem. Data was obtained from one source namely the teachers teaching special units and special schools in Muruka zone where a researcher formulate a questionnaires and distributed to them from assisting him to carry out the study. The population studied consisted of twenty five teachers teaching the special units and special schools in Muruka zone. A questionnaire was developed and the researcher based his questionnaire m education opportunities, teachers attitude, and trained personnel. Some questions were quantified into yes/no responses while other questions required selection of the appropriate response while other questions required stating of the responses. After coHection of the data, the researcher calculated the frequency and percentages to determine the social and education challenges faced by mentally handicapped learners. It was found that a greater number of teachers handling mentally challenged have a negative attitude and that few had been trained on the special needs education. The social and academic problems affected the education of the mentally handicapped. The mentally handicapped are not accorded the same education opportunities like the normal children. However it was observed that the mentallv challenged do benefit from the special education offered to them
Research report submitted to the Institute of Open and Distant Learning in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of bachelor of Education (SNE) of Kampala International University
Social, Educational, Learners, Intellectually