Human encroachment effects on forests; a case study of mount Meru Arumeru district Arusha

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
It is common knowledge that ordinary Tanzanians are struggling for basic survival. These Tanzanians are poverty stricken in all aspects of their existence. For his food man needs to cultivate land, to keep livestock’s for his meat and other source of protein, also man needs shelter as a life necessity. In doing so man destruct environment and encroach forests and fragile ecosystem either knowingly or unknowingly. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the human activities which contributed to the encroachment of forests and then find out some solutions to overcome this kind of problem. Poor managed areas by human can for example significantly degrade environmental resources by contaminating soil, water and air. Health and safety risk escalate in areas where housing or other land uses are allowed to the located in forest areas. Thus despite the fact that various campaigns have been made for encroachment of forests, this study seeks to show the impact or human activities to the environment and at the same time it is aimed at finding the solutions over this problem. Therefore the study will benefit the environmental planners and forest rangers in a number of ways and consequently will benefit the whole society at large. The study also will be able to establish criticisms and recommendations wherever required on various aspects of the methods to be used by the environmentalists on provision of education to the people. This will help planners and environmentalists to reach necessary amendments on required issues on such methods. However it must be noted that majority or Tanzanians who are living below the poverty line must be assisted to lift themselves up from this dividing line if the call for environmental protection has to make sense and fulfill the national expectation to protect the national environment. Thus Poverty plus Environment equals to Environmental degradation while Prosperity plus Environment equals to environmental protection
Dissertation Submitted In Partial Fulfillment For Award Of The Degree Of Bachelor Of Science In Environmental Management Of Kampala International University, Uganda
Human encroachment, Forests, Mount Meru Arumeru district, Arusha