Implications of subsistence farming on the environment; a case study of Chahi sub county, Kisoro district (Uganda)

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Agriculture remains the mainstay of the African economy as an engine of economic growth and development where 88% of the continent’s populations living in rural areas earn their livelihood from agriculture (Ndambi 2008). Also 80% of Uganda’s cultivated land area falls under subsistence form of agriculture (Kalyebara 2005). It is this phenomenon that prompted a research study whose intention was to investigate the implications of subsistence farming in the natural environment, the case study being Chahi subcounty in Kisoro district. By use of a stratified random sampling technique, data was collected by use of questionnaire, interview and observation methods and was later analyzed by use of Excel software. Evidences of poor land management, reduction of both forest and grassland, high soil erosion and reduced farm productivity are apparent and are being attributed to the increasing population coupled with increasing demand for settlement, conversion of agricultural production and excessive cultivation. Agro-forestry, apiary, and organic farming coupled with on farm training programs by NAADS on best soil fertility improvement management practices to control the increasing population should be harnessed for an environmentally sustainable subsistence farming community.
A dissertation submitted to the department of environmental management in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a bachelor of science in environmental management of Kampala international university
Subsistence farming, Environment;, Implications, Chahi- Kisoro district (Uganda)