The effects of total quality management on profitability: the case of international organization for standards (Iso) certified companies in Kenya

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management
rotnl Quality Management (TQM) is an accepted technique to ensure performance and sun·ival or businesses in modern economies. Recent studies claim that the successf'ul implementation of TQM could generate improved products and services, as well as reduce costs, lead to more satisfied customers and employees, and eventually improved financial pcrlcll'lmmce. The purpose of this study was to establish whether this nature of relationship exists between TQM and linancial performance in ISO certified companies in Kenya. The objective of this study was. therefore. to establish the efTect of the implementation of TQM in ISO certified companies in Kenya. This study was a survey focused on establishing management environmen!. quality control tools and techniques, focus on customer and I(Kus on supplier relationship afTect ROA as a measure of financial performance. All the 38 ISO certified companies formed the sample of this study effectively making it a census. J),lla was collected by a questionnaire delivered by hand to the selected ISO certitiecl company and collected after a week. The study found that management environment, qualit) C<>ntrol tools nncl techniques. f'ocus on customer and focus on supplier relationship a/Tected the returns of ISO certified companies. However, the regression analysis showed a weak rc·lationship among the variable. This indicated by the constant term, 6.68 which was not signilicnnt: the coerticient of' quality management environment. -24.27 which was statisticail1· insignificant: the coeflicient of focus on customers. 12.27 which was statistically insignificant: the coefficient of quality control tools and techniques, 7.06. which '"" statistically insignificnnt: and the coefficient of focus of supplier relationship, 7.37. 11hich was also statistically insignilicant. The study recommends that ISO certified organizations should put 111 place strong management environment policies. The policies should f(>cus on putting 111 place a l[lvorable work environment and ensuring sufficient Jinancial r esourccs that will enable achievement of organizational objectives and boost prolitability. Focus on the customer should also be strengthened. Companies should put in place more ci'lective mechanisms Cor quality control. Supplier relationship should also be strongly managed.
A research report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the Degree Procurement and Supply Chain Management in the College of Economics And Management Science Of Kampala International University
Management, Quality, Profitability