Domestic Violence and Children’s Academic Performance in Uganda; A Case Study of Buwenge Town Council, Kagoma Constituency, Jinja District, Eastern Uganda.

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Kampala International University, Colleges of humanities and social sciences
Domestic violence refers to acts of violence that occur between people who have, or have had, an intimate relationship in domestic settings. Over the recent years, recognition of the scope and significance of domestic violence globally has increased. Domestic violence can impact anyone regardless of their gender, race, age, culture or religion, however, most often women and children are the victims of domestic violence. The purpose of the study was to establish the impacts of Domestic Violence on Children’s Academic Performance in Buwenge Town Council, Kagoma Constituency, Jinja District, Eastern Uganda. The specific objectives were to; find out the various forms of Domestic Violence, identify the causes of domestic violence, establish how Domestic Violence affects Children’s Academic Performance and also find out strategies that can be put in place to stop domestic violence and improve Children’s Academic Performance in Buwenge Town Council, Kagoma Constituency, Jinja District, Eastern Uganda. The study covered a period of three months from February to April, 2018. The Descriptive research design was used. The sample size was 42 determined by Slovene’s formula and they included; teachers, students & pupils, Local Leaders, District Police Commander (DPC), Police Officers in the CFPU and CLO, District Education Officer (DEO) and the local community members. The Sampling techniques were Purposive sampling and Simple random sampling. The Primary data sources were questionnaires, Focused Group Discussions, observation and interview schedules while secondary data was got from reviewing related literature in text books, journals, articles and newspapers. Data was analyzed by use of frequency distribution tables hence that data was presented in form of percentages, frequencies and pie-charts. The main causes of DV are; Pove~rty (26%), low levels of education (14%), cultural beliefs (12%), polygamy (12°o), la~ of public awareness/ignorance (10%), gender inequality/Women’s emancipation campaigns (7%), alcoholism (7%), infidelity (5%), the presence of weak laws & policies (5%) and finally poor enforcement of laws & policies (2%). DV affects children’s academic performance mainly through high levels of school dropouts and absenteeism (24%), lack of concentration (19%), post trauma, stress and depression (24%), poor academic performance (14%), no scholastic materials basic needs provided (12%) and inferiority complex (7%). the following strategies were suggested by the respondents to offer lasting solutions to DV and Children’s academic performance; Community policing, enacting stringent laws & policies, introduction of IGAs by NGOs and the government, sensitization of the masses, reporting offenders of DV to concerned authorities, suing in court, improve parent-child relationship, enhance teacher-parent relationship, S~hool Management Committees (SMCs) should be Strengthened, regular inspection of schools and provision of scholastic materials by the Central government. The conclusions from study were; there is a high rate of poverty which is making people very vulnerable to the various forms of DV especially economic/financial abuse, prevalence of DV has alsd been fostered by poor implementation of the laws and policies and DV causes a serious negative effect on children’s academic performance witnessed by the high rates of school dropouts, absenteeism and lack of scholastic materials among others.The researcher recommended the following; Massive sensitization campaigns need tO be carried out, more Inpoi1ne Generating Activities (IGA5) need to be introduced to the area, public participation in d~cisiori-making to matters pertaining them should be emphasized wit~h gender equality, monitoring academic programmes, more NGOs should be invited to operate in the area that can ddal ~vith pressing issues that affect children’s proper learning, also regular meetings should be organized in schools such as by the Parents Teachers Association (PTA~ and SMC, Community policing and suing the perpetrators in courts of law.
A Dissertation Submitted to the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Bachelor’s Degree in Public Administration of Kampala International University.
Domestic Violence, Children, Academic Performance, Jinja District, Uganda