Prevalence of diarrhea among children aged 12-60 months in fort – portal referral hospital

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Kampala International University. School of Health Sciences Western Campus
A cross sectional study was carried out between August-September 2013 in Fort Portal referral hospital. The study aimed at establishing diarrhea prevalence among children aged 1-5 years in Fort Portal Referral hospital The research population was mothers of child bearing age 15-49 years with at least one or more children under five years. The study reveal that fifty two children 52/148 (35.1%) were found to have had diarrhea during the interviewing time. This is quite a reasonable percentage that requires attention as it is well known that diarrhea can result into malnutrition , and other complications like dehydration which easily lead to death. The report shows 44(44%) of mothers attributed “False teeth” as being the cause of diarrhoea. 32(32%) didn’t know the cause of diarrhea. This shows almost three quarters of the interviewed mothers seem not to know the real cause of diarrhoea. This may be attributed to the law level of education. As far as treatment of water is concerned, 50(50%) don’t treat their water, 46(46%) boil water. Most of the respondents 52(52%) say that diarrhea can’t be prevented and 16(16%) didn’t know whether diarrhea is preventable or not. The study reveals that methods of prevention of diarrhea are: hand washing before meals 16(36.4%), proper refusal disposal 08(18.1%) and Hand washing after using toilet 04(9.1%).
A research paper submitted to the faculty of clinical medicine and dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of bachelor of medicine and surgery of Kampala International University – western campus, Ishaka – Bushenyi
Diarrhea, FortPortal Referral Hospital