Factors influencing mental disorders among persons living with HIV/AIDS attending health facilities in Bushenyi, Bushenyi District, Western Uganda

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Background: Mental illness affects many health related outcomes for an HIV positive individual and the prevalence of anxiety, depression and substance abuse is higher among people living with HIV/AIDS than in the general population. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to investigate the factors influencing mental disorders among persons living with HIV/AIDS attending health facilities in Bushenyi. Methodology: The study employed a descriptive survey where both qualitative and quantitative approaches of data collection and analysis. The study population was 180, selected using purposive sampling. The data analysis was done using Statistical package for social scientists (SPSS. 20). Results: The major findings indicated results that under the Socio-demographic factors; Females representing a high number of consistent values/ responses with 112.75, Age by 50 years with 126.00, Under Marital status, the Separated category with 120.25. Then Education, Post graduate level respondents representing a high number of consistent values with 117.50.Ander under Economic status above 1000,000 UGX earners representing with 114.25.Regarding variation/ relation between the study variables/ attributes, the study presented high correlation both amongst variables and within classes with Age Gender, marital status, Education with and Economic status. They also showed a positive relationship between Socio-demographic factors and prevalence of Mental Disorders among PLWHA (r = 0.432, P-value < 0.01) and (R= 0.451) and the variables explained 20.4% of the variance of Mental Disorders (R Square =.20.4). Conclusion/Recommendation: The study recommends for a need to reduce on division of sexes among patients and equally care for all patients whether young, female or male, old and young in order to reduce on the population of persons living with mental disorders and HIV/AIDS.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery of Kampala International University
Mental disorders, HIV/AIDS, Health facilities, Bushenyi district