Environmental impacts of sea weed farming at Paje Village on the East Coast of Zanzibar Island.

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Seaweed has many uses which including source of food, in agriculture is used as organic fertilizer and also has been used in medicinal products. However, seaweed farming has side effects on environment and most coastal communities who involved in this farming do not well known. The general objective of this study was to assess environmental impacts of seaweed farming. The specific objectives of the study were including; to identify types of seaweed and activities related to seaweed farming and to find out environmental impacts of the activities involving in seaweed farming. The study investigation was guided by questions that aimed to establish what activities carried out prior to establishing a seaweed farm and to what extent the activities lead to environmental degradation. The methods of data collection were both quantitative and qualitative approach. The instruments used including questionnaires, interviews and discussions. The major findings of the study revealed that seaweed farming has impacts on both marine and terrestrial environment. The study concluded that seaweed farming impacts most affecting marine ecology. The study recommended number of strategies focusing in controlling and minimizing the environmental impacts of seaweed farming activities these including monitoring seaweed farming projects and providing environmental education to seaweed farmers.
A Thesis Presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for award of the Degree Master of Science in Environmental Management and Development.
Environmental impacts, Sea weed farming