Influence of head teachers’ leadership styles on students’ discipline in secondary schools in Butagaya sub-County, Kagoma County, Jinja

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Kampala International University,College of Education
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of head teachers’ leadership styles on students’ discipline in Butagaya Sub-County, Kagoma County. Specifically, the study sought to establish the influence of autocratic leadership style, democratic leadership style, laissez-faire leadership style, transactional leadership style and transformational leadership style on students’ discipline. This study was anchored on the Contingency Theory of Leadership, developed by Fiedler (2004) cited in (Cole, 2002). The study used descriptive survey design to explore the influence of head teachers’ leadership styles on students’ discipline. Mugenda and Mugenda (2003) sampling procedure was used to determine the sample size. Sample size of 10% was utilized in obtaining 3 schools with 33 teachers that were used for piloting study. For students, however, five (5) were purposively picked from each of the 3 schools taking part in the piloting study. For the main study, 30% of the total population was used to select 9 head teachers and 99 teachers. For students, however, purposive sampling technique was applied to select 10 students from each sampled school. Hence, from the 9 schools, 90 students took part in the main study. Head teachers’ questionnaires. teachers’ questionnaires, students’ questionnaires and question guided interviews for head teachers were used to collect data. The study yielded data that required both qualitative and quantitative analysis. From the findings of the study, it was established that the common discipline problems experienced in school are examination cheating (37%), drug abuse (17%) and absenteeism (25%). Findings also indicate that democratic leadership style has a great influence on students’ discipline in public secondary schools. Teachers indicated that there is need for head teachers to use democratic leadership (62.5%) besides transformational (50%) where discipline should be positive and constructive. It was also established that autocratic leadership was exercised in schools by the head teachers. From the results obtained a majority of the teachers disagree (75.0%) that the autocratic leadership style is necessary in order to enable people to work as expected. Besides, other head teachers exercised laissez-faire leadership where they always permitted members to take it easy in their work (77.8%).Thc study recommends that head teachers and teachers should adopt democratic leadership style that is was liked by a majority. Dictatorship can affect students’ discipline and has always led to unrests in schools. It was recommended th
A research report submitted to college of education and open e learning at Kampala international university for fulfilment of Award in bachelor of Arts in Education
Head teachers, Leadership styles, Discpline, Students