The role of organic farming in improving the agriculture of small-scale rural farmers: case study Bwera Parish Kicheche Sub County Kamwenge District

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Kampala International University.College of Engneering
The study was carried out in Kamwengye district Kicheche Sub County in the western part of Uganda to assess the role of organic agriculture /farming in improving the agriculture of small scale farmers. It focused on the farming practices, potential benefits of organic farming, level of awareness and the factors constraining the adoption of organic farming. The traditional practices that characterize the farming systems of smallsëãie farmers and land size in most developing countries due to economic problems strengthened the practice of organic farming by small scale farmers The farmers understanding of organic agriculture was relatively good as assessed in line with the inputs used, manures, soil and water management practices but poor in pest control. The benefits were in line with the availability of organic inputs which were viewed as socially just, economically viable and ecologically sound while with factors hindering adoption of organic farming includes socio and cultural factors, lack of sources of information, availability of inputs, farmer to farmer communication and attitude towards the project. The researcher concluded that when farmers understand that organic farming is good based on the sources of external inputs used, farming practices, soil and water conservation management practices which are ecologically sound, fanners can produce enough for self sufficiency and gain sufficient returns to the labour and costs involved. The researcher recommended that there is need to strengthen extension services, encouraging field days and exchange visits, strengthening of supportive linkages, farmer to farmer training, financing of agricultural projects such as NAADS and Prosperity for All Programmes based on agriculture and finally sharing knowledge to enhance the opportunity for local communication on agriculture improvement.
Research report submitted to the Faculty of Social Sciences in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of degree of bachelor of Science in Environmental Management of Kampala International University.
Organic, Farming, Agriculture, Rural farmers