The independence and account ability of the judiciary in Uganda: opportunities and challenges 1995 to 2013

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The research study aimed at establishing the effect of the doctrine of separation of powers in Uganda with critical analysis of the notion independence of the judiciary, the doctrine of separation of powers from 1995 to 2013 in Uganda. The study examined the doctrine of accountability of the judiciary as well as the relationship between the judiciary and other arms of government in promoting justice in Uganda. It fl111her examined the need for an independent judiciary in the administration of justice and established the challenges thereto in promoting the independence and accountability of the judiciary. The judiciary criticized for being handmaiden to executive and legislative excesses rather than an instrument to prevent it. Judicial independence orally flourish in a democracy society from 1995, the judiciary have affirmed itself against executive excesses and illegal action to promote human rights. Judicial accountability therefore stands to an imbalance satisfactory level. In Uganda because of corruption, there is need to strengthen legal education and improve judicial administration, zero tolerance policy to corruption and abuse of office; methods of recruitment of judicial officers changed and made public and procedure for removal be streamlined in the constitution. The variables were tested using secondary data from text books, internet, and other literature related to the opportunities and challenges facing the accountability of judiciary in Uganda from 1995 to 2013. The researcher found out that the independence of the judiciary is when in the exercise of judicial power, the courts are independent and are not subject to the control or direction of any person and authority, and remained accountable to the public. Judicial independence is the cornerstone in the administration of justice. The current trend showed that judicial independence was not strictly observed and therefore this affects the performance and accountability of the same. Conclusively, the principle of separation of powers should therefore be upheld as provided in the 1995 Constitution in order to create an independent and accountable judiciary to the public in Uganda.
A research dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the award of bachelor of laws of Kampala international University
Constitutionalism, Independence, Accountability, Judiciary, 1995 to 2013