Information-Adequacy, Motivation and Behavioral-Skills as Determinants of Substance-Use Prevention among Undergraduates in Babcock University, Ilishan – Remo, Nigeria

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Objective: This study investigated the dynamics of information-adequacy, motivation and behavioral skills towards substance-Use prevention among undergraduates in a selected tertiary educational institution in Ogun State, Nigeria. Methods: This was a theory-driven cross-sectional design which use a 45-item validated questionnaire to collect data from 604 consenting students by multistage sampling procedure. Variables of information-adequacy regarding substance-use consequences, motivation, Self-Efficacy Behavioral Skills (SEBS) and substance-use were measured. Data collected were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 24 to compute means and standard deviations and test associations between variables and determine path analysis of best predictors of substance-use prevention, at 5% level of significance. Results: Mean age of respondents was 19.92 ± 3.20 with 56% females and majority (31% ) of final year students participated. Levels of information-adequacy regarding substance-use consequences (6.41±2.51), motivation (23.26±5.76), SEBS (11.67±4.10) and Substance-Use (4.01±7.19) were generally good respectively. There was a significant relationship between information-adequacy and Motivation (r = 0.259; p<0.05), and with self-efficacy behavioral skills (r = 0.341; p <0.05). Information-adequacy (r = -0.10; p<0.05), and SEBS (r = -0.286; p <0.05) and motivation (r = -0.246; p<0.05) were significantly negatively correlated with substance-use. Stepwise Logistic regression analysis showed that SEBS (B= -0.119; OR =0.890; 95%CI: 0.803 – 0.982; p=0.021) was best predictor of substance-use prevention Conclusion: Self-efficacy behavioral skills of individuals was found to best predict substance-use prevention. Other variables contributed in strengthening behavioral skills and may be useful in designing substance-use prevention intervention as this would strengthen drug use reduction among students.
Information Adequacy, Self-Efficacy, Motivation, Nigeria, Behaviral Skills, Substance-use Reduction