The influence of indigenous knowledge on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation by Local Communities in Kidongole Sub-County, Bukedea District, Uganda.

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Kampala International University, School of engineering and applied sciences.
Long before the initiation of modern scientific methods for weather forecasting and climate prediction, most of the local people used traditional ways and indicators of rainfall forecasting/prediction in order to develop local adaptation and mitigation strategies. The main objective of the study was to assess the influence of indigenous knowledge on climate change adaptation in climate change adaptation and mitigation by local communities in Kidongole sub county, Bukedea district by identifying the climate change indicators as a basis for adaptation in the community, finding out how the indigenous knowledge practices promote the adaptation to climate change and exploring the possible climate change adaptation and mitigation measures for the local community. The study was descriptive in nature and a total of 65 respondents were chosen as the sample size comprised of farmers that engage in crop or animal farming and/or both, a few agricultural officers, local leaders and the environmental officers. The sampling techniques that were used were simple random sampling and purposive sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, observation and document review. The data was mainly analyzed using frequencies distribution tables to acquire frequencies and percentages and the data was also presented in form of pie-charts and frequency distribution tables. The study found out and concluded that; most of the respondents could explain the meaning of climate change and the main indicator of climate change in Kidongole sub-county is unreliable rainfall. The majority of respondents had observed the climate change indicators for a period of 30-40 years mostly the adults/elderly. In addition, deforestation was the major cause of climate change while the least was bush burning. Crop production practices are the greatest activities/area in which 1K practices are involved in climate change adaptation. Conserving indigenous tree species is the major 1K practice used in the community for climate change mitigation. The majority of the respondents do not need any modern climate change adaptation and mitigation measures while the least respondents acknowledged the need for the modern measures to climate change adaptation and mitigation. The major modern measure for climate change adaptation and mitigation introduced and practiced in the community is the use of high yielding crop and animal varieties and the least was research. The study recommended increased afforestation and re-afforestation, sensitization, more research should be conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, also NEMA.
A dissertation submitted to the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Bachelors of Science Degree in Environmental Management of Kampala International University.
Climate Change, Indigenous, Adaptation and Mitigation, Local Communities, Bukedea District