A critical analysis on the role of environmental impact assessment in Uganda’s oil and gas the industry as provided under section 19 of the national environment act cap153

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Kampala International University,School of Law
Uganda has serious environmental degradation. Related to the oil and gas industry .and the research is hinged on the main objective of the topic. The National Environment Management Authority, Petroleum Authority Uganda reports, yet there are no coherent policies on the environment to deal with the on-going problems. Significant improvements can be achieved by good Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) and strict adherence to regulations. The history, strengths and weaknesses of EIA application and implementation in the oil industry are reviewed and assessed. The main research methods used was the use of sampling and questionnaires sent to 200 recipients of whom 133 responded, and who were identified as a representative cross-section of stakeholders; including oil industry personnel, academics, government organizations personnel, representatives from local communities affected by the pollution, and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs ). The questionnaire survey and sampling were used to determine the views of the stakeholders on the role of EIA in Uganda's oil and gas industry; it also investigated the levels of the respondents" involvement, experience and participation in EIA. The data from the questionnaire was analyzed using statistical methods, which elucidated the nature of the perceived conflict between the oil companies and government organizations, against academics and stake-holder communities. The results clearly demonstrated the ingrained views and perceptions on each side of the dispute. In addition the results highlighted the constraints and challenges faced by various stakeholders in conducting EIA in Uganda, and emphasized the need for changes in the way EIAs were conducted in the oil industry. The research identified components of particular concern within the Uganda's EIA structure, process and implementation; and raised questions about the adoption or external Agency or industry imposition of 1st World designed EIAs in Uganda.
A research report submitted to the School of Law in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor's Degree of Law of Kampala International University
Environmental impact, assessment, oil and gas