Culture and Female Genital Mutilation in Kenya. A case study of Transnzoia District.

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Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning.
This study labored to analyze the factors responsible for the persistence female circumcision among the Pokot of Kipsaina division in Trans Nzoia district. It was realized that despite the tireless efforts by the international community to stop Female circumcision the practice still goes on in Kenya. The indigenous people take it for cultural, religious, social conformity, sexuality control; among other items thus perpetuate it. Chapter one contains the historical background of Female circumcision, problem, statement of the study, the purpose of the study, objectives which focused on the roles of indigenous people in perpetuating the practice. The failures ofNGO's and civic government of Kenya to stop the practice, hypothesis of the study, scope, signification and the limitations of the study. The study took place in Kipsaina division of Trans Nzoia district of Kenya using a sample population of 230 respondents consisting of circumcised and uncircumcised women and men both married and unmarried, medical personnel, NGO workers, government officials and traditional plus cultural leaders. The researcher was challenged by inadequate funding, and the presidential election violence between December 2007 and January 2008. Chapter two contains literature review where it was discovered that indigenous people perpetuate F .C/FGM because they take it cultural and tradition, need to control women sexuality, social identity, social pressure (acceptability) and shows ones braveness and readiness to fight for her nation thus making the practice persistent. NGOs have failed to end the practice because of inadequate funds, not firmly established on ground, uncommitted workers, don't have legal authority to penalize culprits. The civic government has failed to end the practice because the central government is reluctant to empower them to end the practice, the parliament is reluctant among other items.
A research report submitted to the Institute of Open and Distance Learning in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Degree of Bachelor of Education, Early Childhood and Primary Education, Kampala International University.
Culture, Female Genital Mutilation, Kenya.