The Impact of Climate Change On Community Livelihood In Jowhar Middleshabelle Region of Somalia

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The study set to conduct an assessment of the impact of climate change on community livelihood in Jowhar Middle Shabelle Region of Somalia. The information was attained from 320 respondents and 10 interview responses were the information was collected through questionnaires and interviews, descriptively analyzed and content analysis was assessed to determine the effect of climate change and community livelihood. The study findings indicated that the perceived causes of climatic changes in Jowhar Middle shabelle region of Somalia was deforestation, low levels of tree planting, weak environmental laws, agriculture and environmental encroachments and poor institutional Policy. Secondly results on the effect of climate change on livelihood of communities in Jowhar Middle Shabelle region was slightly majorly positive though negative effects have highly affected the livelihoods of communities in Jowhar Middle shabelle region of Somalia. Finally, the findings show that climate change strategies that can be employed to improve the community livelihood Jowhar middle Shabelle region Somalia are campaigns on disaster risk management, resettlement of people to less climatic hazards, climate change awareness campaigns and afforestation campaigns developed. The study reveal that climate changes were caused by environmental, human, policy and institutional factors which either positively or negatively induce the climate changes, poor environmental, poor human activities and weak institutional mechanisms exist which hinder the effective attainment good climatic conditions hence the prevalence of disaster. The study concludes that climate changes present both negative and positive effects on the livelihood of communities in Jowhar Middle shabelle region, Somalia. The study recommend for the implementation of afforestation and re-afforestation which can induce the environment for climate changes to induce tree planting, secondly the study recommends for the improved functionality of environmental protection efforts and policies by the government through afforestation and tree planting. Thirdly environmental awareness sensitization is necessary and different actors need to step up their efforts to improve the climate changes.