Academic Performance of Orphaned Children affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Regular Primary Schools in Central Division Isiolo District-Kenya

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Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning.
The study recounted the academic performance of orphaned children affected by Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV I AIDS) in regular primary schools in Isiolo District- Central division. The writer used quantitative approach, design used was case study. The population was all schools in Isiolo District Central Division. The sampled schools are 5 primary schools and convenient sampling was used to pick the schools, systematic sampling was used to get her respondents. The instruments used in data collection were questionnaires sent out to teachers of the sampled primary schools. They were later collected when completed. The research fmdings revealed that the orphaned children affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) enrolled for regular primary schools but were unable to complete their full primary education due to many problems that they encountered. Some involved in domestic chores and others drop out from school to take care of their sick parents that are infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) subsequently exposing them to brutal and inhumane life as they struggle to work a living. As they care for their sick parents there is increased risk of contracting the deadly virus. Most of the girls orphaned children dropped out of school when they have missed school a number of times. They end up being made to repeat classes so as to improve their performance. The community as a whole neglects the rights of affected children. A few cultural practices like circumcision and early marriages are roles played by the community. Such practices negatively affect the orphaned children education. Teachers also used methods, which hardly accommodated all learners' needs hence, leading to poor performance and dropouts by orphaned children affected by Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). The writer fmally recommended that there should be frequent guidance and counseling sessions in regular primary schools. Inviting guest speakers- role models to talk to teachers, pupils and parents could assist in creating awareness. Parents to be advised to share light domestic chores among all children- affected and unaffected equally. Teachers to vary teaching methods to meet all learners' needs. The government to train employ and promote more affected people by Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in various positions to become role models.
A research report submitted to the Institute of Open and Distance Learning in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Bachelors Degree in Early Childhood and Primary Education of Kampala International University.
Orphaned Children, Academic Performance, Affected, Primary Schools, Kenya