A critical analysis of the law and policy relating to wetlands protection in Uganda: a case study of Namanve Wetlands

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Kampala International University; School of Law
Wetlands occur at all latitudes and are said to cover about 13% of the earth's surface. Wetlands serve different purposes to humanity's existence and most importantly the conservation of biodiversity. Wetlands also inter alia play a role in the regulation of hydrology, water purification and flood control, and coastal wetlands can help to alleviate the impacts of storm surges. This study analyzes the adequacy of laws and policies therefore sustainable utilization, management and conservation of wetlands in Uganda. The challenges of the legal framework and policy for wetlands utilization, protection and management in Uganda have been discussed with relevant recommendations being made in that respect. The policy and legal framework for conservation, protection and management of wetlands in Uganda is adequate but there is still need for more regulations to make the laws more effective. The institutional framework is also sufficient, but there is a need to build more capacity and for stronger collaboration among stakeholders. Most imp01iantly, the implementation and enforcement mechanisms of these policies and legal framework is wanting, the very reason that makes what is happening to Namanve Wetlands leaving one doubting whether indeed Uganda has any regulation for the protection of these precious and vital natural resources.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Award of the Degree of Bachelor of Laws of Kampala International University
Law, Uganda