Drought and natural resource based conflicts among pastoralists in greater Kapoeta area of South Sudan

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Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study titled “Drought and natural resources based conflict among pastoralist communities” conducted in Greater Kapoeta area of South Sudan. The study was conducted to determine whether resource scarcity contribute significantly to prevalence of conflict; to investigate the recurrence of drought in the study area and its impact on pastora/ists’ livelihood; and to study the drought coping mechanisms of pastoralists. Its main objective was to find out the impact of drought on conflicts between pastoralist groups over resources. The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design having a sample size of 380 respondents. The study revealed that: natural resources such as grazing land and water are fundamental resources in pastoralist livelihoods; drought is prevalent in the area scaling up resource scarcity and intensifying competition over resources; pastoralists migrate in search of water and grazing as a coping mechanism during drought; competition over resource use and ownership is major factor of violent conflicts in the area. The study drew a number of conclusicjns: that the availability of natural resources such as water and grazing land is scarce in the area that sustainability and development of pastoralism as a life style is endangered; that the recurrence of drought is high and increasing from time to time; and that drought has significant contribution in enhancing conflict over resources among pastoralists.
A Thesis Presented to the College of Higher Degrees and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Masters in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building
Drought, Conflict, Resources, Pastoralists