Upland Rice Growing and Its Environmental Impacts in Kakiri Sub-County, Wakiso District.

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.
The study looked at the Factors affecting upland rice growing for improved livelihood among the people of Kakiri Sub County, Wakiso district. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; finding out the relationship between production of upland rice and the wellbeing of the natives, establish the extent to which the technology employed affects the amount of rice produced, establish the impact of rice growing on the environment and To identify the problem encountered in rice growing. The findings from the study are expected to help the rice producers in Kakiri Sub County and Uganda in general to adopt good farming methods and use appropriate techniques of production which are environmentally friendly. The study findings are expected to be helpful for the purpose of reference by other researchers. The study involved a total of 50 respondents. Simple random sampling and purposive non random sampling were used to select the respondents. Questionnaires, interview guide, participatory observation and group discussions were used to collect data during the study. The study observed that there was a close relationship between Upland Rice and Child Labor, Upland Rice and HIV/AIDS Concern, and Rice and Household Food Security. However, it was noted that in attempts to scare or reduce the impact of birds on farms, sometimes farmers use Carbon Furum, a chemical deadly to kill birds. Carbon Furum is presumed not good for the environment. The problems encountered in rice growing included but not limited to; Technology, Input supply, Volumes of production, Quality Controls, Rice Market Appraisal, Production constraints, Processing Constraints, Whole sale and constraintsand Consumption. Generally, All the rice farmers use rudimentary systems of production to produce the rice that is they use; Oxen, hand hoes, slashers, bush burning, sickles and pangas. This therefore affects the quantity of rice produced because none of the fanners used any modern equipment like tractors and this equally affected the output produced. The rice farmers also use mainly direct planting which consumes a lot of rice grains to plant instead of nursery beds that take less grain since the chances of the grain failing to germinate are minimized.
A dissertation submitted to the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Degree of Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management of Kampala International University.
Environmental, Upland Rice, Growing, Impacts, Wakiso District