Critical analysis of the role of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in North Kivu/Democratic Republic of Congo 2006-2009

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Kampala International University, School of Law
The United Nations Peacekeeping forces are employed by the organization to maintain or re-establish peace in an area of armed conflict. The UN may engage in Conflicts between states as well as struggles within states. In this particular research, peacekeepers have been sent in the Democratic Republic of Congo under Lusaka ceasefire agreement of the 17th July 1999 but also following the United Nations Security Council Resolution of 1258 of August 6th 1999 authorizing the deployment of a minimum of ninety officers. This number of ninety officers did not remain constant instead it continued to be increased as long as the Congolese war was concerned. Up to 31st October 2007 a total number of the UN Peacekeepers was of 18407 personnel which is the biggest number of the peacekeepers in the world. Viewing this number of peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, one wonder whether they perform their task as mentioned in their mandate as expected As it will be presented in this work, the research will indicate the great achievement and failures of the UN Peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC), their conducts on ground, and the contributions of the other partners such as the UN Security Council; the contributing Countries that provide personnel for operations (troop & police); the hosting country(DRC); and finally the rebels.This work presents different abuses committed by different factions in war and how the Peacekeepers behaved toward this issue. This work is completed with a conclusion and recommendations of what should be done in future in order to overcome these problems, finally this work proposes ways to eradicate the bad culture of impunity in DRC
A Thesis presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Law.
United Nations, Peacekeeping mission, Democratic Republic of Congo