Microfinance institutions and rural social economic development in Rusizi district, Rwanda

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management
The major objective of study was to identify and bring awareness on the role of microfinance institutions to the Rural Socio economic development in Rusizi District Rwanda. By conducting an assessment one can determine the social economic impacts of MFI’s interventions in the area then propose solutions to increasing economic growth, promotion of self-dependency, helping the unemployed to generate additional jobs for themselves. This study used correlation analysis. The target population involved a total number of 6873 where the researcher has selected 378 respondents from Community members (clients), Local leaders and MFI,s Workers. The minimum sample size was computed using the Sloven’s formula. The researcher adopted purposive sampling to select the sample size. This is where one selects participants who have the required information according to the objectives of his/her stud. To meet our objectives, we have collected data using questionnaires. The data were presented, analyzed, and interpreted using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The results indicated that the respondents who earned more annual amount of income were responsible to save their money in MFI’s, these amount of income has the source in different respondent’s occupations (farms, business, etc. ref. table of the profile of the respondent and cross-tab tables).Findings indicated that due to the capacity and services delivery by MFI’s to their clients, table of capacity sub-variable shown that the level of MFI’S capacity is at high level of (mean=2.8271j. These results indicated also that Microfinance institutions have a high capacity to implement their activities through their sufficient funds, equipments and their professional commitment of the staff and customer business satisfaction. By identifying the role of MFI’s on socioeconomic development in the population under study, the results of table concerned to sub-variable of socio-economic development, researcher known that Due to MFIs services, the number of children dropping out school is reducing in the community to be very highly on the level of (mean=3.1217). Then, researcher tested Hypothesis in order to take the conclusion of rejection of null hypothesis or to agree it. The hypothesis of this research was: “There is a significance relationship between microfinance Institutions and socioeconomic Development, and there is a significance effect of Microfinance institutions to the socioeconomic development in Rusizi District”. This hypothesis was tested.
A Thesis Presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Degree of Master of Business Administration
Microfinance institutions, Rural social economic development, Rusizi district, Rwanda