Congo-Uganda conflict and international relations

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Kampala International University, College of Higher Degree and Research (CHDR)
The study “Congo-Uganda Conflict and International Relations” was undertaken with specific objectives to finding out the causes of conflict on international relations; assessing the loopholes in the measures adopted to resolve conflicts; and highlighting alternative perspectives, policies and institutional requirements to cover existing gaps. Literature review from different authors was explored in a bid to comprehend how conflict impacts on relations between nations. The study relied on a descriptive study design by help of an interview guide and questionnaires directly administered through the internet on sample of 218 respondents with a responsive rate of only 166 respondents. Both qualitative and quantitative data analyses were used. According to study findings it was established that there is a very weak and statistically insignificant positive relationship between the cause of conflict and international relations. This implies that a cause in conflict has no significant relationship with international relations thus no isolated cause can result in violence. It was also found out that there is a weak but statistically significant relationship between loopholes in the measures adopted and the cementing of international relations. Any loophole in the measure taken to resolve conflict has a relatively weak but, recognizable influence which if aggravated can cause conflict. Further still it was found out that there is a positive and significant relationship between the loopholes in the measures taken and the cementing of international relations. If solution is favorable international relations can not be cemented sufficiently and the reverse is true. The study recommends humanitarian agencies and responsible agencies to develop consultancy and advisory services for effective solutions; improving security with focus for protection than intervention; developing African solutions for African problems; exemplary shift in military thinking and strategy to give intervention forces new guidelines and treating sovereignty as a responsibility other than a right. The study concludes that individual causes are insignificant in fueling conflict unless if analyzed to produce a combined effect which makes cause of conflict sufficient and necessary.
A Thesis Presented to the College Of Higher Degrees and Research Kampala International University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Masters of Conflict Resolution and Peace Building