Impact of nomadic pastoralism on household welfare: A case study of Afgooye district, Somalia

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School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
The research on “the impact of nomadic pastoralism on community welfare” was carried out in Afgooye district, lower Shabelle Region- Somalia with major emphasis placed on finding out the different activities of Nomadic Pastoralists, effects of various activities of nomadic pastoralists on household welfare and the possible ways of improving the welfare of Nomadic Pastoralists in the Afgooye district. Responses were sought through use of simple random sampling and purposive sampling for the community members and agriculture stakeholders in the district respectively. Both closed and open ended questionnaires were given to a cross section of respondents to aid and facilitate comprehensive data collection. The activities of Nomadic Pastoralists include; animal remedies, milk production or consumption, meat production, mobility, construction of underground water reservoir and animal fencing. The research findings discovered that the most effective parameters are income to the household, health for both human and herds and education level to the nomads. The study asked the respondents the best way how drought problems can be curtailed, 53.3% of the people said that construction of underground water reservoir (Berkado) is the best way to manage drought, while 42.2% agreed that digging bore holes can be a considerable strategy, and 4.4% of respondents voted for livestock banking. A common failure of past rangeland development projects in Somalia was the focus on single issues and interventions in isolation, such as addressing animal health problems with veterinary services, or addressing the under-provision of education and health services with mobile schools and clinics.
A dissertation submitted to the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management of Kampala International University
Pastoralism, Household welfare, Afgooye district, Somalia