International Non-Government Organizations (Ingos) and Protection of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) In Somalia, a Case Study of Danish Refugee Council (DRC)

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Kampala International University
This study was to assess the Danish Refugee Council mandate in guaranteeing IDPs' rights in Somalia. The study was guided by three objectives; (i) To assess the role of the Danish Refugee Council in Armed violence reduction (AVR) in IDP Camps in Somalia, (ii) To examine the role of Danish Refugee Council in the provision of Shelter and non-food items in IDP Camps in Somalia and (iii) To evaluate the role of Danish Refugee Council in health protection in IDP Camps in Somalia. This study employed a case study research design for an in-depth understanding of study phenomena. The study employed both probability and non-probability sampling techniques i.e., simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques to select respondents. The study targeted a population of 800 respondents from which a sample of 266 was taken with a valid response of only 150 respondents contributing to 56.4%. The Questionnaire was the main instrument of data collection, and the data collected were analyzed using SPSS software; where the data was presented, analyzed, and interpreted by the researcher for more clear results. The study findings in Table 4.3 showed that for a total of 150 respondents, the mean score of 4.56 (SD = .504 indicates that the Danish Refugee Council acknowledges that communities and individuals are affected by other threats to human security like suicide bombings and explosions. This explains the importance of international none governmental organizations to protect IDPs in Somalia. Thus most of the respondents agreed that Danish Refugee Council facilitates up-to-date extensive fact-finding missions, engage in dialogue with a wide range of groups involved in conflicts by the mean score of 4.62 and SD of 0.492 which appears to be the reason for improved development in the IDPs in Somalia. The study found out that, DRC does involve its self in humanitarian, development, and peacebuilding activities to ensure a dignified life for refugees and IDPs; and that the range of their work is everything from relief work to foraging opportunities for refugees and IDPs futures. While, the study concludes that, the DRC Emergency Shelter/Non-Food Items (NFI) Cluster works to ensure that everyone has the right to adequate housing and live-in dignified circumstances. While still, the study concluded that, regardless of the DRC efforts, there still exists a lack of commitment to respecting the human rights of refugees and providing adequate humanitarian assistance, including health care except for international conventions and protocols that establish the duties of states in terms of treatment of refugees. The study however recommends that DRC should Partner with human-rights groups and refugee advocacy organizations to publicize the protection problems that go uncovered by operational humanitarian agencies. As well, the government of Somalia should collaborate with DRC to ensure accessible and affordable housing mortgages to the displaced and refugee persons through building a sustainable and efficient housing finance system in Somalia to benefit all parties.
A Thesis Submitted to the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of the Award of Master of International Relations and Diplomacy of Kampala International University
International Non-Government Organizations, Protection, nternally Displaced Persons (IDPS), Somalia