Population growth and economic growth in Uganda a case study of Luwero town council, Luwero District

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management
The research was carried out in Luwero town council Luwero district and was focusing on population growth and economic growth in Uganda. The study was based on the objectives like; to determine the level of population growth in Uganda, to determine the level of economic growth in Uganda, to establish the effect of population growth on economic growth in Uganda. It involved a sample population of 50 respondents across different backgrounds that were cultural, religion, economic welfare, education and gender, all orienting from primary sources and secondary data The information obtained on fertility composition and perception to family planning basing upon the distribution of the age group as regards fertility indicates that individuals within the age of 15 to 25 years and individuals between the ages of 26 to 35 years are seen to have high perception to child bearing at varying percentages of 34.5% and 35.7% respectively which implies high fertility rate. However, the trend observed under this age is the reverse of the individual within the age group of 36 years and above as the variations in percentages shows a decline in child bearing capacity with a total rate of 3.2 children per every individual as compared to the rate of 3.5 children per every individual. Also in terms of education and welfare, majority of our respondents were illiterate and semi illiterate with percentages of 24 % and 42%respectively. However, there are some positivity as far as economic growth is concerned whereby the increased number of mouth to feed requires availing in place more goods and services with no regards to quality, this is exhibited in the high turnover for services in both the goods markets and healthcare markets. It is therefore an implication of economic growth which comes as a result of population growth. But as said prior, the effects of population growth on economic growth cannot be under shadowed since the responses received show that there is high unemployment in the society. With such a trend in the economy, economic growth cannot be realistic unless allot is done, Population growth will be the resultant effect of high unemployment followed by high dependence and increase in social costs to the central government, local councils, families and also the environment will surfer the remnants of the total effects.This means that Uganda should adopt a people-centered integrated development framework that simultaneously allows both population growth and labour efficiency to accelerate economic growth In conclusion the benefit period from any given number of a population is a window of opportunity rather than a guarantee of improved standards of living.
A research report submitted to the college of economics and management in partial fulfillment for the award of Bachelors Degree of Arts in Economics of Kampala International University
Population growth, economic growth, Luwero town council