The knowledge, attitudes and practices of mothers on immunization at Rukunyu health IV, Kamwenge District

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
According to UDHS (2011), a considerable proportion of childhood morbidity and mortality caused by vaccine preventable diseases. According to MOH 2011, overall, latest coverage data shows that routine immunization coverage remains at only 52 percent of children age 12-23 months being fully vaccinated. It was a cross sectional descriptive study of mothers who were randomly selected from mothers who had brought their children for immunization during the month of February form Monday to Friday. Multistage sampling technique was used in which respondents were first grouped into 5 strata according to ages of their children. Each stratum was then selected and the sum total obtained, from this, simple random sampling was employed whereby the researcher took an appropriate number of pieces of paper and mark them “1” or “2” and ask the participants to pick them at random. The ones that pick “2” participated in the study 383 questionnaires were administered by the researcher and his assistants to collect the data. Compilation, interpretation and analysis was done and appropriate conclusions were drawn with relevant recommendations. Results revealed that more half mothers (86.2%) would at least identify of the immunizable diseases though few (4.0%) would still identify all the eight immunizable diseases by name. More than half of the mothers (63.4%) believed that immunization is very useful whereas only (30.7%) said that it is useful. Among the respondents, (96.6%) of them had immunization cards whereas (3.4%) had no card. The researcher noted in conclusion that, mothers’ knowledge about immunization is low however, they have a positive attitude towards immunization and they hard good practices on immunization. The researcher recommended the following; that Rukunyu Health Centre IV should institute programmes aimed at increasing mothers’ awareness towards immunization through media, mothers be encouraged to complete the immunization schedule as per the WHO standards, mothers’ beliefs towards immunization should be discouraged through massive sensitization
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery of Kampala International University
Immunization of children, Rukunyu Health Centre IV, Kamwenge District, Vaccine preventable diseases